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The Ciliate Diversity Chart, with friendly permission of B.J. Finlay and G.F. Esteban, Institute of Freshwater Ecology, Windermere Laboratory, UK.

Some Ciliated Protozoa found in Lakes and Rivers

Those placed towards the top left are typically found in the open water of lakes; those close to the centre at the base are all anaerobic. The remainder are generally found in sediments and detritus, and attached to submerged surfaces (e.g. aquatic animals and plants). All are drawn to scale (see scale bar showing 1 millimetre at the right hand side). 

 

1. Cinetochilum margaritaceum 2. Halteria n. sp. 3. Cyclidium citrullus 4. Urotricha sp. 5. Thigmogaster sp. 6. Mesodinium sp. 7. Philasterides sp. 8. Chilodonella uncinata 9. Litonotus uninucleatus 10. Cyclidium plouneouri 11. Aspidisca cicada 12. Lacrymaria sp. 13. Halteria grandinella 14. Trimyema sp. 15. Zosterodasys sp. 16. Glaucoma scintillans 17. Ctedectoma wilberti 18. Calyptotricha lanuginosa 19. Saprodinium sp. 20. Cristigera setosa 21. Cyclidium sp. 22. Pseudomicrothorax dubius 23. Sathrophilus muscorum 24. Paranophrys sp. 25. Askenasia sp. 26. Metacystis tesselata 27. Hastatella radians 28. Balanonema biceps 29. Uronema marinum 30. Cyclidium glaucoma 31. Colpoda cucullus 32. Dexiotricha media 33. Colpidium campylum 34. Placus luciae 35/36. Tetrahymena pyriformis-complex 37. Placus sp. 38. Cinetochilum margaritaceum 39. Blepharisma hyalinum 40. Loxodes sp. 41. Paramecium aurelia-complex 42. Lacrymaria olor 43. Tetrahymena vorax 44. Entosiphon sp. (euglenid) 45. Spathidium sulcatum 46. Pleuronema coronatum 47. Chilodonella sp. 48. Urocentrum turbo 49. Ileonema dispar 50. Nassula tumida 51. Sagittaria poligonalis 52. Trithigmostoma cucullulus 53. Frontonia leucas 54. Lacrymaria elegans 55. Paramecium caudatum 56. Lacrymaria sp. 57. Euplotes sp. 58. Drepanomonas revoluta 59. Tachysoma sp. 60. Tachysoma pellionella 61. Stylonychia putrina 62. Urosoma cienkowski 63. Holosticha sp. 64. Keronopsis monilata 65. Ancystropodium maupasi 66. Urosoma cienkowski 67. Gastrostyla steinii 68. Stylonychia mytilus 69. Uroleptus piscis 70. Lacrymaria olor 71. Metopus striatus 72. Metopus undulans 73. Tropidoatractus acuminatus 74. Metopus sp. 75. Brachonella spiralis 76. Caenomorpha sp. 77. Caenomorpha uniserialis 78. Saprodinium dentatum 79. Isocyclidium globosum 80. Plagiopyla nasuta 81. Metopus es 82. Saprodinium sp. 83. Cyclidium porcatum 84. Discomorphella pectinata 85. Mylestoma uncinatum 86. Saprodinium difficile 87. Trimyema compressum 88. Vaginicola crystallina 89. Ophrydium versatile 90. Trichophrya epistylidis 91. Vorticella natans 92. Acineta sp. 93. Loxophyllum helus 94. Chilodonella sp. 95. Sphaerophrya magna 96. Epistylis sp. 97. Paruroleptus caudatus 98. Stentor sp. 99. Stentor polymorphus 100. Dendrosoma radians 101. Stylocola striata 102. Aspidisca costata 103. Stentor roeseli 104. Epistylis flavicans 105. Nassula picta 106. Paramecium bursaria 107. Frontonia sp. 108. Deltopylum rhabdoides 109. Ophrydium eichornii 110. Loxodes striatus 111. Dileptus sp. 112. Trachelius ovum 113. Arcuospathidium vermiforme 114. Epistylis plicatilis 115. Kahlilembus attenuatus 116. Endosphaera terebrans 117. Vorticella mayeri 118. Litonotus cygnus 119. Amphileptus sp. 120. Litonotus cygnus 121. Litonotus fasciola 122. Loxophyllum helus 123. Litonotus fasciola 124. Loxophyllum sp. 125. Hastatella aesculacantha 126. Hastatella radians 127. Phascolodon vorticella 128. Strombidium velox 129. Bursaria truncatella 130. Urozona bütschlii 131. Disematostoma gyrans 132. Urotricha furcata 133. Monodinium balbiani 134. Actinobolina sp. 135. Urotricha furcata 136. Tintinnopsis sp. 137. Bursaridium pseudobursaria 138. Prorodon palustris 139. Histiobalantium majus 140. Balanion planctonicum 141. Hypotrichidium conicum 142. Disematostoma (Leucophrys) tetraedrica 143. Tintinnopsis lacustris 144. Lembadion sp. 145. Enchelyomorpha vermicularis 146. Tintinnidium fluviatile 147. Platynematum sociale 148. Holophrya ovum 149. Pleuronema sp. 150. Urotricha sp. 151. Halteria sp. 152. Strombidium sp. 153. Strombidium sulcatum 154. Coleps sp. 155. Coleps hirtus 156. Prorodon discolor 157. Codonella cratera 158. Strombidium viride 159. Prorodon sp. 160. Prorodon sp. 161. Holophrya gargamellae 162. Frontonia acuminata 163. Strobilidium adherens 164. Spirostomum sp. 165. Spirostomum minus 166. Homalozoon vermiculare 167. Vorticella sp.

 

All individual drawings are either original or obtained and modified from the following references: Curds, C.R. (1982). British and Other Freshwater Ciliated Protozoa. Part 1. Ciliophora: Kinetofragminophora. CUP, Cambridge. Dragesco, J. & Dragesco-Kernéis, A. (1986). Ciliés libres de l'Afrique Intertropicale. Introduction à la connaissance et à l'étude des Ciliés. ORSTOM, Paris (Collection Faune Tropicale no. 26). Esteban, G., Finlay, B.J. & Embley, T.M. (1993). New species double the diversity of anaerobic ciliates in a Spanish lake. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 109: 93-100. Fauré-Fremiet, E. (1924). Contribution à la connaissance der infusoires planktoniques. Bull. Biol. de la France et de la Belg. Suppl. 6, 1-171. Finlay, B.J., Rogerson, A. & Cowling. A.J. (1988). A Beginner's Guide to the Collection, Isolation, Cultivation and Identification of Freshwater Protozoa. 78pp. CCAP, Ambleside. Finlay, B.J., Téllez, C. & Esteban, G. (1993). Diversity of free-living ciiates in the sandy sediment of a Spanish stream in winter. J. Gen. Microbiology, 139: 2855-2863. Foissner, W. (1977). Revision der genera Astylozoon (Engelmann) und Hastatella (Erlanger) (Ciliata Natantina). Protistologica, 13: 353-379. Foissner, W., Berger, H. & Kohmann, F. (1994). Taxonomische und ökologische Revision der Ciliaten des Saprobiensystem. Band III. 548 pp. Bayer, Landesamt für Wasserwirtschaft. Foissner, W., Blatterer, H., Berger, H. & Kohmann, F. (1991). Taxonomische und ökologische Revision der Ciliaten des Saprobiensystem. Band I. 478 pp. Bayer, Landesamt für Wasserwirtschaft. Grell, G. (1973). Protozoology. Springer-Verlag Berlin. Jankowski, A.W. (1964). Morphology and evolution of ciliophora III. Arch. Protistenkd., 107: 185-294. Kahl, A. (1930-35). Urtiere oder Protozoa. In: Dahl F. (ed) Die Tierwelt Deutschlands. G. Fischer, Jena. Maeda, M. & Carey, P.G. (1985). An illustrated guide to the species of the family Strombidiidae (Oligotrichida, Ciliophora), free swimming protozoa common in the aquatic environment. Bull. Ocean Res. Inst. Univ. Tokyo, 19: 1-68. Saville-Kent, W. (1881-1882). A Manual of the Infusoria. David Bogue, London.

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