Home English top

->Work - Questions  ->Work - Quotations  ->Work - Literature  ->Work - Links

The topics "Work", "Money", "Time" and "Future" are closely connected with each other.
So please have a look at ->Money->Time and ->Future too.

Work - Questions

Are we working, to live?
Are we living, to work?

On the one hand: workaholism, overtime and heart attacks!
On the other hand: rising unemployment connected with social and psychic problems!
Why are we accepting the unequal distribution of paid work?

Never before we have been using more energy, machinery and information-technology
than today. Why aren’t we using that increase of productivity for living a more idle and emotionally richer life?

Where are the limits of the growth of economy and work
with respect to the limits of ecology and time?


Work - Quotations

Thomas Morus, about 1515:

Utopia - A Construction of a Humanistic State

A typical day in Utopia:

    morning: education, handicraft or idleness
    before noon: 3 hours work
    midday:  dinner, then 2 hours rest
    afternoon: 3 hours work
    evening:  supper, then 1 hour recreation
    after 8 o’clock p.m.: 9 hours of sleep

lafarg.GIF (22380 Byte)Paul Lafargue - The Right to Idleness

Paul Lafargue was born on Jan. 15th 1842 in Santiago de Cuba and died in Nov. 1911 in Paris.
His mother was the daughter of a native caribbien mother and a french-jewish father, his father was the son of a mulatto mother and a french father.

As a child he lived in Cuba, then he went to school and university (medicine) in Paris.
He had to flee to England, had close contact to the family of Karl Marx, whose daughter Laura he married.

He later came back to France and was a leading representative of the french and spanish labour movement.

The Right to Idleness - Refutation of the Right to Work from 1848 (published in Paris 1880 and 1883)

Paul Lafargue critizises:
- the glorification of work by priests, economists and moralists
- the rising of working hours and the cancelling of work-free holidays (protestantism)
- the adoption of the dogma of work by the proletariat

Paul Lafargue is demanding:
- the declaration of the „Right to Idleness" by the proletariat
- a 3-hours workday
- the use of modern machinery
- the consumption of the produced goods by the proletariat.

Paul Lafargue is quoting the ancient greek philosophers and is writing:

„... and still Aristotle was dreaming:

„If each tool could - by order, or knowing by itself - do the work it is ment to do, like the artistic products of Daedalus where moving automatically, or the the tripods of Hephaestus where doing their holy work voluntarily, when so the weavers looms were weaving automatically, the master would not need assistents and the bosses no slaves."

The dream of Aristotle has come true today (1890!). Our machines are doing, with fiery breath, with untiring limbs of steel, with wonderful inexhaustible procreative power, teachable and automatically their holy work ... the machine is the redeemer of mankind, the god that is bying mankind off from work, the god who will bring them leisure and freedom."

Management-Magazines and Advertisements

* „The new trend is working until collapse. Who does’nt want to fall dawn the career-ladder has to work hard. So an overfilled timetable and a 100-hours week are part of the state-symbols of todays working people." (frontpage of a magazine)

* "Working is easier than living!" (result of an inquiry among managers)

* „Get more from your leisure time. Measure it twice." (ad for a luxury wristwatch with an additional stop-hand)

Work - Literature

* Baily Reinhold, Barbara: Toxic Work, Dutton Signet, 1996

* Dominguez, Joe u. Robin, Vicki: Your money or Your Life - Transforming your relationship with money and achieving financial independence, Pnguin Books, 1992

* Gorz, André: Critics to Economic Reason

* Gorz, André: Paths to Paradise - on the liberation from work

* Lafargue, Paul : The Right to Idleness - Refutation of the Right to Work from 1848

* Schor, Juliet B.: The Overworked American, The Unespected Decline of Leisure, Basic Books, 1991

* Rifkin, J.: The End of Work and its Future

Work - Links

-> Arbeiterkammer Wien - Chamber of Labour Vienna
-> ÖGB - Austrian Trade Union Confederation
-> DGB - German Trade Union Confederation
-> EGB - European Trade Union Confederation
-> IBFG - International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
-> ILO - International Labour Organization
-> Future Work
-> Labor Net USA
-> Forum soziale Technikgestaltung - Technology and Trade Unions
-> TELEWISA - Trade Union consulting for teleworkers

-> to the top of this page

myself ] [ Work ] Money ] Time ] Future ]